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The Marlborough Science Academy

Philosophy and Ethics

After studying Core Philosophy and Ethics, our students should be able to show a basic understanding of the six major world religions. Students should be able to recognise the basic beliefs and practices of these religions, being able to draw comparison and distinguish similarities and differences between these faiths.

Students will also have an understanding of ethics and morality, as well as showing an understanding of the influences can effect these different beliefs. This does not just focus on religious beliefs and faith systems, but also on different secular ideas such as crime and punishment, wealth and poverty, and families and relationships – issues that are so often highlighted within society today and that impact significantly on many lives. This will also enable students to understand where many of the modern day views in Great Britain have come from.

Students will be able to examine the beliefs and ideas of others, but it is also incredibly important for them to be able to decide an opinion of their own on different topics and to understand where their own views have come from, and the role that different influences may have played as they have formed their own views.

In Key Stage 3, students are taught the fundamentals of the six major world religions; Christianity, Islam, Judaism, Sikhism, Hinduism and Buddhism. This curriculum decision was made after looking at the religious makeup of the school. For the most part, the religious education aspect of Philosophy and Ethic s is required to have a basis in the traditional religion of Great Britain, (as stated in the Herts Agreed Syllabus for RE). This means that there is a basis in Christianity for many of the issues taught. Many students are identified as Christian, however there are also many that identify as non-religious, and other smaller groups of different religions. These are taken into consideration when lessons and schemes of learning are planned, and therefore a broad spectrum of beliefs and teachings on different faiths are included so as not to minimise or maximise the importance of one faith over another. These are then used to understand and identify different belief systems and ideas of ethics and morality, linking to comparisons of religion and scientific views.

In Key Stage 4, students progress to study more philosophical ideas such as good and evil, again looking at these from different viewpoints and including religious perspectives of these. This then progresses to a study of diverse moral and ethical ideals, using the basic religious knowledge as a baseline for understanding why different individuals may have differing beliefs. These decisions were reached primarily through a need in understanding of different religions, particularly in a multicultural society like our own, and particularly in a world where many of our students will be going out and working or travelling in the wider world. The Key Stage 4 curriculum has been linked to the GCSE curriculum studied, to ensure that students are study similar topics to their colleagues that have chosen the GCSE, in order that they may be able to share similar views and have important discussions on relevant subjects.

Key Stage 3 Philosophy and Ethics

Key Stage 3 Philosophy and Ethics provides students with the opportunity to understand the beliefs of different individuals or groups of people, where these beliefs may have come from, and how they often play a part in the world today.

Students are able to discuss different ideas, as well as developing their own views on different subjects, and what may have influenced their own personal beliefs. Students also learn to draw comparisons between different faiths, as well as these faiths and ideas of morality and science.

In Year 7 we cover the basic beliefs and practices of the six major world religions, as well as comparisons between these religions:

  • Judaism
  • Christianity
  • Islam
  • Sikhism
  • Hinduism
  • Buddhism

In Year 8 we cover the following:

  • Ethics and Morality – ethical issues in the world today and opinions on these
  • Religion, Philosophy and Ethics in the Modern World – analyse the role that religion plays within society and the impact this still has, as well as the philosophical and ethical implications of this
  • Religion and Science – comparing religious and scientific theories of topics such as creation and the environment


Key Stage 4 Philosophy and Ethics 

Students who choose to study Philosophy and Ethics at Key Stage 4 will follow the AQA GCSE Religious Studies A course.

The areas covered in the course include:

  • Religions – beliefs, teaching and practices:
    • Christianity
    • Islam
  • Themes – modern and religious views of:
  • Relationships and Families
  • Religion and Life
  • Religion, Crime and Punishment
  • Religion, Human Rights and Social Justice




The types of tasks that are completed are:

  • Discussing beliefs and ideas and how these impact on different individuals
  • The opportunity to discuss and further develop beliefs and opinions on different topics
  • Researching how religions impact on the world today and the positive and negative impacts that this can have on different people and on the wider society
  • Using different forms of media to demonstrate ideals that religions may have, as well as how these religions have evolved over time in order to suit the needs of an ever-changing modern world.

The course is assessed through:

  • Examination

Two 1 hour 45 minute examinations worth 50% each of the final grade. One of the exams is based on knowledge of the beliefs and practices of Christianity and Islam, the second is based on the four themes studied.

Students who study Philosophy and Ethics can use the qualification to access a number of different career paths, such as welfare work, social work, policing, media roles, teaching and any jobs where discussion and liaison with others is important.


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